Several Alaska Native organizations oppose a legislative effort to increase sea otter harvests. But they support efforts to get Alaskans more involved in federal management of the once-rare marine mammals.
The voracious marine mammals are expanding in number and range in Southeast and some other coastal areas. Crabbers and divers say otters are decimating populations of crab and other shellfish they gather for commercial or subsistence use.
Alaska Natives are allowed to hunt otters, but face strict federal limits on how they are used. Full pelts can be sold to other Natives. Traditional products, such as clothing or regalia, can be sold to anyone.
“We’re hoping that the Natives can do what they traditionally have done for years. And they can be able to harvest (otters), use their skins to make other things so that they can make money. If we just keep it to them, we’re not going to overharvest by any means of the imagination,” Wilson says.
Wilson’s resolution would allow whole pelts to be sold to non-Natives, which is now illegal. She recently told the House Resources Committee that would boost harvests and lessen impacts on fisheries.
Tlingit-Haida Central Council President Ed Thomas says that could create problems.
“The biggest threat is that if we were allowed to sell those pelts unaltered, you could pretty much guess, if you look down here on South Franklin (Juneau’s tourist district), that they would come back as ‘authentic’ Native crafts made in Taiwan,” Thomas says.
Thomas supports other parts of the resolution calling for a new federal management plan that increases otter harvests.
So does Rosita Worl, who spoke on behalf of the Alaska Federation of Natives, Sealaska Corporation and the Sealaska Heritage Institute.
Sealaska and tribal governments in Sitka and Petersburg are among those trying to expand pelt processing. Worl says they’re providing training and equipment needed to support a growing cottage industry.
“We see sea otters as just one answer to trying to promote sustainable economies in our communities,” Worl says.
She says the current law is interpreted too narrowly. She wants Native craftspeople to be able to make and sell a wider variety of otter products, such as teddy bears.
“We’ve had a number of our people that have been cited. We’ve complained vigorously about the enforcement practices. We’ve advanced the ideas of co-management. But our idea was to really change the marine mammal law that would allow for the sale of contemporary items,” she says.
House Joint Resolution 26, Wilson’s measure, was introduced last year. Its first hearing was February 3rd in the House Resources Committee. It remains before that panel.
If passed, it will be sent to Alaska’s Congressional delegation and the Secretary of the federal Department of the Interior.