PWI School District Finds Success With A 4-Day Week

The Southeast Island School District on Prince of Wales Island encompasses nine small, rural schools. Students in Thorne Bay, Kasaan, Coffman Cove, Port Alexander, Hollis, Naukati Bay, Port Protection, Whale Pass, and Hyder started school Monday. Last year, the district implemented a four-day school week in all but one school. It worked so well that every school is running on a Monday through Thursday schedule this year.

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Southeast Island School District schools are tiny. Most have just two teachers and between 10 and 20 students spanning grades K through 12. They’re separated from each other by miles of land, or even by water in Port Alexander’s case. With such remote, rural schools, you have to be adaptable. Here’s Superintendent Lauren Burch.

“You know we’re trying to meet the needs of our families,” Burch says. “I mean you can’t have a basketball team in a school with ten kids but you can have an archery program.”

The 4-day school week is just another way the district has adapted to meet the needs of the families. Burch says the idea actually came from parents. They heard about rural school districts in the Lower 48 having success with the Monday-Thursday model. There was some hesitation at first, including from Nick Higson. He’s principal for all of the Southeast Island School District schools except Thorne Bay.

“We have to sometimes force ourselves to embrace change. I run with philosophy of if it’s not broken, why try to fix it,” Higson says.

But the push to try it out grew stronger, and in 2012, Superintendent Burch attempted to get approval from the State Department of Education.

“They had many legitimate concerns about our educational program that we had to satisfy before we moved on so… You know it’s counterintuitive that a four-day school week would be successful,” Burch says.

The idea didn’t pan out for the 2012-2013 school year. But for the ‘13-‘14 year, the school district submitted a more detailed proposal to the state. And it was approved. The next step was to get approval from the advisory councils at each school, which are made up of mostly parents.

The main concern from them? Childcare on Fridays. So, the district administration decided to organize Friday activities.

“We do things like artist in residence, where we bring in an artist and they come in and do silk screening with kids,” Higson says. “Or we do swim lessons with our kids. We do a number of activities where kids get this neat enrichment opportunity on Fridays that they wouldn’t necessarily  get on a block scheduled day.”

Some families chose to spend that extra day off with subsistence activities.

“You know people do hunt and gather here a lot. Hunting, fishing, mushrooms, berries. They do appreciate that time to get out and have a three-day weekend,” Burch says.

“The kids, not 100 percent of them, but a very high number of them absolutely love it,” Higson says. “It allows them to spend more time with families doing subsistence activities. It allows them to  go to the DMV or the dentist or the doctor on a non-school day so they don’t miss instructional time.”

It also cuts down on days students miss to travel for sports.

The support for the 4-day week isn’t completely unanimous. Principal Higson surveyed students and parents and put their anonymous responses on the school district’s website. Most of the feedback is positive. But some kids commented that the teachers give more homework because of the extra day off or that they felt they learned more in the five-day week.

For Higson, he sees the impact of the four-day week in the test scores.

“And the test data that we got back at the end of the year is phenomenal.”

Scores either went up or stayed the same. Nothing went down. And what about the teachers? Here’s Superintendent Burch:

“The teachers have been I think unanimous in support of it. I wasn’t really sure how that would go either because they’re working harder, longer. But on those Fridays, about half are work days. You can do professional development, you’re workin together, you’re grading papers. And it’s created much more collaborative time for teachers to work together.”

The four-day school week hasn’t saved money for the district. With Friday activities and the slightly longer days Monday through Thursday, Burch says it actually ends being a bit more expensive. But the shorter week fits with people’s lifestyles in these communities, and that is what has made it stick.