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Is 'Patient Capitalism' The Answer To Poverty?

By NPR Staff | 10/18/2013

Part 5 of the TED Radio Hour episode Haves And Have-Nots.

About Jacqueline Novogratz's TEDTalk

Jacqueline Novogratz, CEO of Acumen Fund, shares stories of how "patient capitalism" can bring sustainable jobs, goods, services and dignity to the world's poor.

About Jacqueline Novogratz

Jacqueline Novogratz is redefining the way problems of poverty can be solved around the world.

She is a leading proponent of financing enterprises that can bring affordable clean water, housing and health care to poor people so that they no longer depend on traditional charity and aid.

The Acumen Fund, which she founded in 2001, has an ambitious plan: to create a blueprint for alleviating poverty using market-oriented approaches.

Rather than handing out grants, Acumen invests in fledgling companies and organizations that bring products and services to the world's poor.

Novogratz places a great deal of importance on identifying solutions from within communities rather than imposing them from the outside.

In her book, The Blue Sweater, she tells stories which emphasize sustainable bottom-up solutions over traditional top-down aid.
Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Can A New Generation Of Africans Fight Corruption?

By NPR Staff | 10/18/2013

Part 4 of the TED Radio Hour episode Haves And Have-Nots.

About George Ayittey's TED Talk

Ghanaian economist George Ayittey lashes out against corrupt African leaders. He calls on a young, fast "cheetah generation" to take back the continent from complacent bureaucrats he calls hippos.

About George Ayittey

For years, George Ayittey has been speaking out against the corruption and complacency that he believes are the bedrock problems of many troubled African states.

"We call our governments vampire states, which suck the economic vitality out of the people," he says.

His book, Africa Unchained, has helped unleash a new wave of activism and optimism — especially in the African blogosphere, where his notion of cheetahs-versus-hippos has become a standard shorthand.

He says this cheetah generation is a "new breed of Africans," taking their futures into their own hands, instead of waiting for politicians to empower them.

Ayittey is a Distinguished Economist in Residence at American University in Washington, D.C.
Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Will The Rest Of The World Catch Up To The West?

By NPR Staff | 10/18/2013

Part 3 of the TED Radio Hour episode Haves And Have-Nots.

About Niall Ferguson's TED Talk

Historian Niall Ferguson explains why, when it comes to amassing wealth, it's been the West versus the rest for the past 500 years. He suggests six killer apps that promote wealth, stability and innovation — and are now shareable.

About Niall Ferguson

Niall Ferguson teaches history and business administration at Harvard University and is a senior research fellow at several other universities, including Oxford.

He has written about everything from German politics during the era of inflation to a financial history of the world. He's now working on a biography of former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.

His latest book and TV series, Civilization: The West and the Rest, aim to help 21st-century audiences understand the past and the present. He asks how, since the 1500s, Western nations have surpassed their Eastern counterparts and come to dominate the world. And he wonders whether that domination is now threatened by the rise of Asia.
Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

What Does The Rise Of Super-Fortunes Mean For The Rest Of Us?

By NPR Staff | 10/18/2013

Part 2 of the TED Radio Hour episode Haves And Have-Nots.

About Chrystia Freeland's TED Talk

Author and politician Chrystia Freeland says economic inequality is growing by leaps and bounds. She charts the rise of today's billionaire plutocrats and wonders what the concentration of wealth means for the rest of us.

About Chrystia Freeland

In her book, Plutocrats: The Rise Of The New Global Super-Rich And The Fall Of Everyone Else, Chrystia Freeland looks under the hood of global capitalism to explain the technological, economic and structural inequalities pushing society in unforeseen directions.

Along the way, she takes the temperature of a growing caste of super-rich billionaires and shows how the creation of vast fortunes at the top hollow out the middle class in Western industrialized countries.

Freeland began her career as an "accidental journalist" with front-line bulletins from the Ukraine in the heat of the Soviet collapse. She recently left her post as managing director and editor at Thomson Reuters. She's now running for office with the center-left Liberal Party of Canada.
Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Is There A Right And A Wrong Way To Help Someone?

By NPR Staff | 10/18/2013

Part 1 of the TED Radio Hour episode Haves And Have-Nots.

About Ernesto Sirolli's TED Talk

When many aid workers hear about a problem, they get to work. But Ernesto Sirolli says that's naive and counterproductive. He argues that the first step is to listen to the people you're trying to help and tap into their entrepreneurial spirit.

About Ernesto Sirolli

Ernesto Sirolli is a noted authority in the field of sustainable economic development. He is the founder of the Sirolli Institute, an international nonprofit organization that teaches community leaders how to establish and maintain Enterprise Facilitation projects in their community.

In 1985, he pioneered a unique economic development approach in Esperance, Western Australia. The project helped harness the passion, intelligence and resourcefulness of the local people.

The results of "The Esperance Experience" have prompted more than 250 communities around the world to adopt responsive, person-centered approaches to local economic development.
Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.