Residents are desperately trying to conserve water in the Native village of Nanwalek, located on Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula south of Anchorage. The village, home to the Sugpiaq tribe, is currently in a severe drought.
Nina Kvasnikoff’s family is eating off paper plates, collecting water from the ocean to flush toilets and washing themselves with sponges.
“It doesn’t feel like you’re clean. You feel like you’re just splattering a little bit of water,” she said.
Last month, Nanwalek officials started shutting the water off for 12 hours every night, and the state has issued a boil water notice. But recently, Kvasnikoff decided she had had enough of the extreme conservation. She and her family jumped on an airplane to the nearest city for a break.
“So that’s a lot of money to do that but you do what you have to do,” she said.
Kvasnikoff said she grew up without running water but at least back then, fresh water felt plentiful. Not so, anymore.
A community crisis
The village of Nanwalek usually receives roughly six inches of rain each summer, but this summer, it has only received about one and a half inches.
John Kvasnikoff is the village’s chief and Nina Kvasnikoff’s brother-in-law. He said Nanwalek’s leaders realized its reservoir was running low about a month ago due to lack of rain and low snowpack.
“We really didn’t have a plan but then we started calling these agencies and [saying] look we’re running out of water,” he said.
Local agencies, communities and the borough government have flown and barged water to the village. He said the water has gotten low before, but it hasn’t caused an emergency since 2003. Kvasnikoff adds that the village’s growing population of roughly 300 residents, and old leaky pipes aren’t helping.
“We’re in line to get a new water system to replace all the old beat up water line that we have now,” he said.
The village is considering increasing the size of its reservoir and raising funds to buy a reverse osmosis machine so residents could purify water from the ocean for drinking.
A summer of record-breaking heat
Alaska’s Department of Environmental Conservation said six communities dealt with water shortages this summer, more than any summer in recent memory.
“The warming climate will mean that we will want to be prepared in the future for these kinds of events,” said Rick Thoman, a climatologist with the International Arctic Research Center at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
This summer, areas across the state have seen record heat and dryness, and the heat isn’t just affecting people.
“So this summer, we saw reported from all around the state, reports of dead salmon and unspawned salmon,” Thoman said. “This could be due to a lot of reasons, but the obvious thing is the water. In many rivers it was extremely warm.”
Ivana Ash said the impact on the fish is just as concerning to her as the impact on the drinking water. She recently returned home to Nanwalek after being away at college.
“I want to stay,” she said. “I want to help my parents because I haven’t been home for quite some time and would like to spend some time with the elders.”
But she said if she can find a job elsewhere, she’ll take it.
“I also do want to be in a place where there is some water, and I don’t feel bad about drinking it or taking a shower,” she said.
Moving is something that some other Nanwalek residents, including Nina Kvasnikoff, are considering. She said her family has been living in the area for generations and her Sugpiaq culture is deeply tied to this land. But this summer changed things for her.
“It scared me a lot,” she said. “What’s going to happen if this keeps going? If this is our future of no water, what’s going to happen to everybody?”